Cobb et al. find that almost 10% of citations found within papers published in top psychology journals completely mischaracterise the work being referred to.

And almost as many again don’t include ‘important nuances’ of the relevant findings.

…when authors mischaracterize prior research findings in their studies, such instances of miscitation call into question the reliability and credibility of scholarship within psychological science and can harm theory development, evidence-based practices, knowledge growth, and public trust in psychology as a legitimate science.